An apple is a sweet, edible fruit produced by an apple tree (Malus pumila). Apple trees are cultivated worldwide, and are the most widely grown species in the genus Malus. The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists. Apples have religious and mythological significance in many cultures, including Norse, Greek and European Christian traditions.

Apple trees are large if grown from seed. Generally apple cultivars are propagated by grafting onto rootstocks, which control the size of the resulting tree. There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. Different cultivars are bred for various tastes and uses, including cooking, eating raw and cider production. Trees and fruit are prone to a number of fungal, bacterial and pest problems, which can be controlled by a number of organic and non-organic means. In 2010, the fruit's genome was sequenced as part of research on disease control and selective breeding in apple production.Worldwide production of apples in 2014 was 84.6 million tonnes, with China accounting for 48% of the total..

Country Production in Million Tonnes Rank
China 44.4 1
USA 4.6 2
Poland 3.6 3
Turkey 2.9 4
India 2.9 5
Iran 2.8 6

Apple specification

Minimum weight 120 grams

Maximum weight of each fruit 200 grams

Energy content per fruit 63 Kilo Calories

Protein content per fruit 0.6 grams

Packaging details

For packaging apples, plastic crates are used -

Packaging is done 2 types of crates

10 Kg Gross weight crates

7 Kg Gross weight crates

2000 no. of 10 Kg crates can be transpored in a 40 foot high cubic container.

2800 no. of 7 Kg crates can be transpored in a 40 foot high cubic container.

Gross weight of 40 foot 10 Kg crate container is approximately 20 Tonnes.

Gross weight of 40 foot 7 Kg crate container is approximately 19.5 Tonnes.