The fruit has a smooth hard rind—usually green with dark green stripes or yellow spots—and a sweet, juicy interior flesh—usually deep red to pink, but sometimes orange, yellow, or white—with many seeds, which can be soft and white or hard and black. Considerable breeding effort has been put into disease-resistant varieties and into developing a "seedless" strain with only digestable white seeds. Many cultivars are available, producing mature fruit within 100 days of planting the crop. The fruit can be eaten raw, pickled or the rind cooked.

The watermelon is an annual plant with long, weak, trailing or climbing stems which are five-angled (five-sided) and up to 3 m (10 ft) long. Young growth is densely woolly with yellowish-brown hairs which disappear as the plant ages. The leaves are stemmed and alternate, large and pinnately-lobed; they get stiff and rough when old. The plant has branching tendrils. The flowers grow singly in the leaf axils and the corolla is white or yellow inside and greenish-yellow on the outside. The flowers are unisexual, with male and female flowers occurring on the same plant (monoecious). The male flowers predominate at the beginning of the season; the female flowers, which develop later, have inferior ovaries. The styles are united into a single column. The large fruit is a kind of modified berry called a pepo with a thick rind (exocarp) and fleshy center (mesocarp and endocarp). Wild plants have fruits up to 20 cm (8 in) in diameter, while cultivated varieties may exceed 60 cm (24 in). The rind of the fruit is mid- to dark green and usually mottled or striped, and the flesh, containing numerous pips spread throughout the inside, can be red or pink (most commonly), orange, yellow, green or white. The table given below shows the major kiwi producing countries in the world. Figures are for the year 2013.

Country Production in Million Tonnes Rank
China 70 1
Turkey 4 2
Iran 3.8 3
Brazil 2 4
Egypt 1.8 5

Watermelon specification

Minimum weight of each fruit 6 Kgs

Maximum weight of each fruit 7 Kgs

Energy content per fruit 1800 Kilo Calories

Protein content per fruit 60 grams

Packaging details

Watermelons are loaded directly onto a container or a small vessel

18 tonnes can be transpored in a 40 foot high cubic container.